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Effect of Fungicide Program on the Development of Downy Mildew in Three Cucurbit Crops in New Jersey

C. A. Wyenandt, W. L. Kline, and D. L. Ward

September 2017

Research

From 2014 to 2016, five fungicide programs of varying fungicide efficacy were evaluated for the control of cucurbit downy mildew (Pseudoperonospora cubensis) on three different cucurbit crops at the Rutgers Agricultural Research and Extension Center (RAREC) in Bridgeton, NJ. The five fungicide programs were: (i) no fungicide input; (ii) low-input (chlorothalonil only); (iii) medium-input (protectant + 2 downy mildew-specific fungicides [Tanos, Curzate]); (iv) high-input (protectant + 2 downy mildew-specific fungicides [Ranman, Presidio]); or (v) high-input (protectant + 3 downy mildew-specific fungicides [Previcur Flex, Ranman, Zampro]). The three cucurbit crops were cucumber cv. Marketmore 76, zucchini cv. Reward (summer squash), and acorn squash cv. Taybelle (winter squash). In 2014, only cucumber was infected by the pathogen. In 2015 and 2016, all three cucurbit hosts were infected by downy mildew at varying severities suggesting that the P. cubensis population may have differed compared with 2014. In all three years control of downy mildew was significantly higher when downy mildew-specific fungicides were included in weekly rotations. In some years, no fungicides, broad-spectrum fungicides only, or fungicides with moderate or lower efficacy for downy mildew may provide adequate control on certain cucurbit crop species depending on the current cucurbit downy mildew pathogen population.

doi:10.1094/PHP-04-17-0026-PHM

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